Secrets ManagerDeveloper Tools

Secrets Manager CLI

The Secrets Manager command-line interface (CLI) is a powerful tool for retrieving and injecting your secrets. The Secrets Manager CLI can be used organize your vault with create, delete, edit, and list your secrets and projects.

The Secrets Manager CLI is self-documented. From the command line, learn more about the available commands using:

Bash
bws --help, -h

Download and install

The CLI can be used cross-platform on Windows, macOS, and Linux distributions. To download and install the Secrets Manager CLI:

Download the Secrets Manager CLI from https://github.com/bitwarden/sdk/releases.

Authentication

The Secrets Manager CLI can be logged in to using an access token generated for a particular service account. This means that only secrets and projects which the service account has access to may be interacted with using the CLI. There are a few ways you can authenticate a CLI session:

You can authenticate a CLI session by saving an environment variable BWS_ACCESS_TOKEN with the value of your access token, for example:

Bash
export BWS_ACCESS_TOKEN=0.48c78342-1635-48a6-accd-afbe01336365.C0tMmQqHnAp1h0gL8bngprlPOYutt0:B3h5D+YgLvFiQhWkIq6Bow==

You can authenticate individual CLI requests using the -t, --access-token flag with any individual command, for example:

Bash
bws secret list --access-token 0.48c78342-1635-48a6-accd-afbe01336365.C0tMmQqHnAp1h0gL8bngprlPOYutt0:B3h5D+YgLvFiQhWkIq6Bow==

Warnung

If your workflow uses many separate sessions (where each use of an access token to authenticate constitutes a "session") to make requests from the same IP address in a short span of time, you may encounter rate limits.

Commands

Commands are used to interact with the Secrets Manager CLI. Secrets and Projects can be read or written to depending on the permissions given to your specific access token. For additional details regarding the commands available for secret and project, use:

  • bws secret --help

  • bws project --help

Hinweis

As of the Secrets Manager version 0.3.0, CLI syntax has been changed. The command to list secrets, for example has changed from bws list secrets to bws secret list.

The old syntax will temporarily remain supported in the Secrets Manager CLI. If you are not sure what version of the Secrets Manager CLI you're using, enter bws --version.

secret

The secret command is used to access, manipulate, and create secrets. As with all commands, secrets and projects outside your access token's scope of access cannot be read or written-to.

secret create

Use bws secret create to create a new secret. This command requires a KEY, VALUE, and PROJECT_ID:

Bash
bws secret create <KEY> <VALUE> <PROJECT_ID>

Optionally, you can add a note using the --note <NOTE> option. For example:

Bash
bws secret create SES_KEY 0.982492bc-7f37-4475-9e60 f588b2f2-4780-4a78-be2a-b02d014d622f --note "API Key for AWS SES"

This command, by default, will return a JSON object and save the secret to Secrets Manager. You can alter the output format using the --output flag (learn more).

Bash
{ "object": "secret", "id": "be8e0ad8-d545-4017-a55a-b02f014d4158", "organizationId": "10e8cbfa-7bd2-4361-bd6f-b02e013f9c41", "projectId": "e325ea69-a3ab-4dff-836f-b02e013fe530", "key": "SES_KEY", "value": "0.982492bc-7f37-4475-9e60", "note": "API Key for AWS SES", "creationDate": "2023-06-28T20:13:20.643567Z", "revisionDate": "2023-06-28T20:13:20.643567Z" }

secret delete

Use bws secret delete to delete one or more secrets designated by the SECRET_IDS.

Bash
bws secret delete <SECRET_IDS>

To delete a single secret with the id be8e0ad8-d545-4017-a55a-b02f014d4158:

Bash
bws secret delete be8e0ad8-d545-4017-a55a-b02f014d4158

For multiple secrets where the ids are 382580ab-1368-4e85-bfa3-b02e01400c9f and 47201c5c-5653-4e14-9007-b02f015b2d82:

Bash
bws secret delete 382580ab-1368-4e85-bfa3-b02e01400c9f 47201c5c-5653-4e14-9007-b02f015b2d82

Output:

Bash
1 secret deleted successfully.

secret edit

To edit a secret, the following structure will apply changes to the chosen value. From the CLI this commands can edit the secret KEY, VALUE, NOTE, or PROJECT_ID.

Bash
bws secret edit <SECRET_ID> --key <KEY> --value <VALUE> --note <NOTE> --project-id <PROJECT_ID>

For example, if you wish to add a note to an existing secret:

Bash
bws secret edit be8e0ad8-d545-4017-a55a-b02f014d4158 --note "I am adding a note"
Hinweis

Include quotation marks around the string when editing a NOTE containing spaces.

To edit multiple fields where SES_KEY2 is the new key and 0.1982492bc-7f37-4475-9e60 is the new value:

Bash
bws secret edit be8e0ad8-d545-4017-a55a-b02f014d4158 --key SES_KEY2 --value 0.1982492bc-7f37-4475-9e60

Output:

Bash
{ "object": "secret", "id": "be8e0ad8-d545-4017-a55a-b02f014d4158", "organizationId": "10e8cbfa-7bd2-4361-bd6f-b02e013f9c41", "projectId": "e325ea69-a3ab-4dff-836f-b02e013fe530", "key": "SES_KEY2", "value": "0.1982492bc-7f37-4475-9e60", "note": "I am adding a note", "creationDate": "2023-06-28T20:13:20.643567Z", "revisionDate": "2023-06-28T20:45:37.46232Z" }

secret get

Use bws secret get to retrieve a specific secret:

Bash
bws secret get <SECRET_ID>

By default, this command will retrieve the secret object with the SECRET_ID.

Bash
bws secret get be8e0ad8-d545-4017-a55a-b02f014d4158

By default, get will return objects as a JSON array, as shown in the following example. You can alter the output format using the --output flag (learn more).

Bash
{ "object": "secret", "id": "be8e0ad8-d545-4017-a55a-b02f014d4158", "organizationId": "10e8cbfa-7bd2-4361-bd6f-b02e013f9c41", "projectId": "e325ea69-a3ab-4dff-836f-b02e013fe530", "key": "SES_KEY", "value": "0.982492bc-7f37-4475-9e60", "note": "", "creationDate": "2023-06-28T20:13:20.643567Z", "revisionDate": "2023-06-28T20:13:20.643567Z" }

secret list

To list the secrets the service account can access, use the following command:

Bash
bws secret list

You can also list only the secrets in a specific project by using the following command, where e325ea69-a3ab-4dff-836f-b02e013fe530 represents a project identifier:

Bash
bws secret list e325ea69-a3ab-4dff-836f-b02e013fe530

By default, list will return objects as a JSON array, as in the following example. You can alter the output format using the --output flag (learn more).

Bash
[ { "object": "secret", "id": "382580ab-1368-4e85-bfa3-b02e01400c9f", "organizationId": "10e8cbfa-7bd2-4361-bd6f-b02e013f9c41", "projectId": "e325ea69-a3ab-4dff-836f-b02e013fe530", "key": "Repository 1", "value": "1234567ertthrjytkuy", "note": "Main Repo", "creationDate": "2023-06-27T19:25:15.822004Z", "revisionDate": "2023-06-27T19:25:15.822004Z" }, { "object": "secret", "id": "be8e0ad8-d545-4017-a55a-b02f014d4158", "organizationId": "10e8cbfa-7bd2-4361-bd6f-b02e013f9c41", "projectId": "e325ea69-a3ab-4dff-836f-b02e013fe530", "key": "SES_KEY", "value": "0.982492bc-7f37-4475-9e60", "note": "", "creationDate": "2023-06-28T20:13:20.643567Z", "revisionDate": "2023-06-28T20:13:20.643567Z" } ]

project

The project command is used to access, manipulate, and create projects. The scope of access assigned to your service account will determine what actions can be completed with the project command.

Hinweis

Projects can be created by a service account with read-only access. However, existing projects that were not created by the service account cannot be edited without read and write access.

project create

Use bws project create to create a new project. This command requires a NAME.

Bash
bws project create <NAME>

In this example, a project will be created with the name My project.

Bash
bws project create "My project"

By default, bws project create will return objects as a JSON array, as in the following example. You can alter the output format using the --output flag (learn more).

Bash
{ "object": "project", "id": "1c80965c-acb3-486e-ac24-b03000dc7318", "organizationId": "10e8cbfa-7bd2-4361-bd6f-b02e013f9c41", "name": "My project", "creationDate": "2023-06-29T13:22:37.942559Z", "revisionDate": "2023-06-29T13:22:37.942559Z" }

project delete

Use bws project delete to delete one or more projects designated by the PROJECT_IDS.

Bash
bws project delete <PROJECT_IDS>

For a single project where f1fe5978-0aa1-4bb0-949b-b03000e0402a represents the PROJECT_ID:

Bash
bws project delete f1fe5978-0aa1-4bb0-949b-b03000e0402a

For multiple projects where 1c80965c-acb3-486e-ac24-b03000dc7318 and f277fd80-1bd2-4532-94b2-b03000e00c6c represent the PROJECT_IDS:

Bash
bws project delete 1c80965c-acb3-486e-ac24-b03000dc7318 f277fd80-1bd2-4532-94b2-b03000e00c6c

Output:

Bash
1 project deleted successfully.

project edit

Using the edit command you can change the name of a project with the following input:

Bash
bws project edit <PROJECT_ID> --name <NEW_NAME>

For example, this command will change the project name to My project 2.

Bash
bws project edit 1c80965c-acb3-486e-ac24-b03000dc7318 --name "My project 2"

By default, bws project edit will return objects as a JSON array, as in the following example. You can alter the output format using the --output flag (learn more).

Bash
{ "object": "project", "id": "1c80965c-acb3-486e-ac24-b03000dc7318", "organizationId": "10e8cbfa-7bd2-4361-bd6f-b02e013f9c41", "name": "My project 2", "creationDate": "2023-06-29T13:22:37.942559Z", "revisionDate": "2023-06-29T13:31:07.927829Z" }

project get

The get command retrieves a specific project which the logged-in service account can access from your vault. Objects in your vault that the service account does not have access to cannot be retrieved.

Bash
bws project get <PROJECT_ID>

To get a specific project, use the following command where e325ea69-a3ab-4dff-836f-b02e013fe530 represents a PROJECT_ID:

Bash
bws project get e325ea69-a3ab-4dff-836f-b02e013fe530

By default, get will return objects as a JSON array, as in the following example. You can alter the output format using the --output flag (learn more).

Bash
{ "object": "project", "id": "e325ea69-a3ab-4dff-836f-b02e013fe530", "organizationId": "10e8cbfa-7bd2-4361-bd6f-b02e013f9c41", "name": "App 1", "creationDate": "2023-06-27T19:24:42.181607Z", "revisionDate": "2023-06-27T19:24:42.181607Z" }

project list

To list the projects this service account has access to, use the following command:

Bash
bws project list

By default, list will return objects as a JSON array, as in the following example. You can alter the output format using the --output flag (learn more).

Bash
[ { "object": "project", "id": "e325ea69-a3ab-4dff-836f-b02e013fe530", "organizationId": "10e8cbfa-7bd2-4361-bd6f-b02e013f9c41", "name": "App 1", "creationDate": "2023-06-27T19:24:42.181607Z", "revisionDate": "2023-06-27T19:24:42.181607Z" }. ... ]

config

The config command specifies server settings for the Secrets Manager CLI to use. A primary use of bws config is to connect the CLI to a self-hosted Bitwarden server.

Available settings include server-base, server-api, and server-identity, for example:

Bash
bws config server-base https://my_hosted_server.com

When done this way, your specified server values will be saved to a default profile in a ~/.bws/config file. You can use subsequent options to create alternate profiles and config files:

config --profile

Use the --profile option with the config command to save specified server values to alternate profiles, for example:

Bash
bws config server-base http://other_hosted_server.com --profile dev

Once created, you can use that profile with other commands to route requests to the specified server, for example:

Bash
bws secret get 2863ced6-eba1-48b4-b5c0-afa30104877a --profile dev

config --config-file

Use the --config-file option with the config command to save specified server values to alternate config files, for example to save values to a default profile in a new config file:

Bash
bws config server-base http://third_hosted_server.com --config-file ~/.bws/alt_config

You can chain --config-file with --profile to save values to alternate profiles in alternate config files, for example:

Bash
bws config server-base http://third_hosted_server.com --config-file ~/.bws/alt_config --profile alt_dev

Once created, you can use that profile with other commands to route requests to the specified server, for example:

Bash
bws secret get 2863ced6-eba1-48b4-b5c0-afa30104877a --config-file ~/.bws/alt_config --profile alt_dev

Options

-o, --output

By default, the Secrets Manager CLI will return a JSON object or array of JSON objects in response to commands. Output format can be altered to fits your needs using the -o, --output flag along with one of the following options:

  • json: Default. Output JSON.

  • yaml: Output YAML.

  • table: Output an ASCII table with keys as column headings.

  • tsv: Output tab-separated values with no keys.

  • none: Only output errors and warnings.

  • env: Output secrets in KEY=VALUE format.

For example, the command:

Bash
bws secret get 2863ced6-eba1-48b4-b5c0-afa30104877a --output yaml

will return the following:

Bash
object: secret id: 2863ced6-eba1-48b4-b5c0-afa30104877a organizationId: b8824f88-c57c-4a36-8b1a-afa300fe0b52 projectId: 1d0a63e8-3974-4cbd-a7e4-afa30102257e key: Stripe API Key value: osiundfpowubefpouwef note: 'These are notes.' creationDate: 2023-02-08T15:48:33.470701Z revisionDate: 2023-02-08T15:48:33.470702Z
Hinweis

While using the env output format, if the key name is non-POSIX-compliant, that key value pair will be commented-out and a comment at the bottom of the output will be displayed indicating that the output has been modified.

Using the --output env flag, for example:

Bash
bws secret list --output env

will return the following:

Bash
this_is_a_keyname="this is a key value" CLOUDFLARE_API_TOKEN="123412341234123412341234" # This is an invalid keyname="this will get commented-out" # one or more secrets have been commented-out due to a problematic key name

-c, --color

Output can further be customized by indicated whether you would like colorized output. Available values for this option are yes, no, and auto.

--access-token

You can authenticate individual CLI requests using the -t, --access-token option with any individual command, for example:

Bash
bws secret list --access-token 0.48c78342-1635-48a6-accd-afbe01336365.C0tMmQqHnAp1h0gL8bngprlPOYutt0:B3h5D+YgLvFiQhWkIq6Bow==

--profile

Use the --profile option with the list or get commands to specify which profile to use, for example:

Bash
bws secret get 2863ced6-eba1-48b4-b5c0-afa30104877a --profile dev

Refer to the config command (here) for help understanding and setting up alternate profiles.

--config-file

Use the --config-file option with the --profile option and list or get commands to specify which profile from which configuration file to use, for example:

Bash
bws secret get 2863ced6-eba1-48b4-b5c0-afa30104877a --config-file ~/.bws/alt_config --profile alt_dev

Refer to the config command (here) for help understanding and setting up alternate config files and profiles.

--server-url

This option can be used to set the server URL that the CLI will send the request associated with a given command to, for example:

Bash
bws list secrets --server-url http://my_hosted_server.com

This option will override any URLS configured via the config command (see here).

--help

Use this option to print help for any given bws command.

--version

Use this option to print the version of the bws client you're using.

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